Why medieval wear armor?

In medieval Europe, soldiers wore sheet steel armor to protect themselves during the war. The design of the armor reflected a trade-off between the protection and mobility it offered to the user. In the 15th century, typical field armor weighed between 30 and 50 kg and was distributed throughout the body. English medieval knights wore metal armor made of iron or steel to protect themselves from archers and the long swords of their opponents.

Starting in the 9th century AD, chain mesh suits provided protection and freedom of movement until solid plate armor became more common in the 14th century AD. A crested helmet, a shield with a striking coat of arms and a horse with a livery completed an expensive outfit designed both to protect and to intimidate. Such was the fascinating effect of a fully clothed gentleman that armor continued to be used despite the arrival of gunpowder weapons and remained one of the nobility's favorite costumes when they posed for their oil portraits well into the modern era. Mesh armor expanded from the short-sleeved, waist-high Byrnie of the early Middle Ages to the long hauberk that covered the wearer from knee to wrist.

The Italian style of plate armor, such as this example from the Met Museum, encompassed wide extensions of polished “white plate”, with curved and rounded shapes to deflect blows and keep blows away from the body and a deliberate asymmetry to better defend the person who wore it in a tournament or on the playing field. Then, the early Middle Ages saw an explosion of new styles and types of experimental armor amidst the unleashed power of flourishing kingdoms. To avoid problems when fighting on foot, this unusual state of balance, combined with the use of authentic footwear, requires care and experience in a variety of conditions. A pan-European armor culture emerged in the early years of the 15th century, with different “medieval armor schools”.

And of course, gunpowder weapons, which would ultimately spell the ruin of medieval plate-based armor, began to be widely adopted starting in the 15th century. The evolution of medieval armor was a complex mix of technological innovation, social change and changing symbolism, and its story reveals the deep underlying currents of medieval history. Consequently, most of the exclans of the High Middle Ages were equipped with robust local fabrics (usually linen and wool) and equipped with a wooden shield, easily the most effective form of cheap medieval armor, which could defend its bearer from thigh to neck. While it is likely that the vast majority of soldiers were still equipped with little more than sturdy clothing and wooden shields, the number of troops wearing effective metal armor on a given battlefield would likely have been in the hundreds or a few thousand, rather than dozens.

The main drawback for the novice user is that the center of gravity is noticeably higher than when normally dressed. Gothic armor, on the other hand, was sharp and angular, which created a narrow-waisted silhouette, and used a characteristic “stretch marks” technique to reinforce the plate. Maximilian I's field armor from the late 15th century is an example of archetypal medieval Gothic armor. At the end of the 14th century, medieval plate armor was being produced on a large scale for the first time since the Roman Empire.

As a recreational artist, I wear real shoes, and it takes me some time to get used to walking without footsteps, thick soles and heels to help me. Today, he is a historical writer and researcher specializing in medieval and early modern history, based in Yorkshire, United Kingdom. While blast furnaces had been used in China since the first millennium BC. C., its appearance in Northern and Central Europe in the 13th century AD, in places such as Nya Lapphyttan in Sweden and Dürstel in modern Switzerland, marked a significant change in the production of ferrous metals and created the precondition for the widespread use of steel in weapons, tools and armor of the Late Middle Ages.

The cash-strapped knight could also rent armor or, in a push, win a suit by defeating an opponent in a medieval tournament or in the battle itself. .

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