What was medieval clothing made of?

Leather was used for belts and shoes, armor and heavy aprons. Clothes were often made of wool, although silk and brocade items could be saved for special occasions. Outer clothing made of goat or even camel hair kept the rich warm in winter. Fur was an obvious way of improving insulation and providing decorative ornaments; the most common were rabbit, lambskin, beaver, fox, otter, squirrel, ermine and sabre (the latter three became a standard background design in medieval heraldry, such was their common use).

Greater decoration was achieved by adding tassels, fringes, feathers, and embroidered designs, while more expensive additions included precious metal stitching and buttons, glass beads and cabochons, or semiprecious stones. The taste for colors was the brighter, the better, with crimson, blue, yellow, green and purple being the most popular options in all types of clothing.

medieval clothing

- The fabrics The type of fabric and fabric used for medieval clothing was therefore extremely important. People from the lower classes wore clothes generally made of wool, linen and sheepskin.

Medieval nobles and upper classes wore clothes made of velvets, leathers, silks, lace, cotton and taffeta. Knights returning from the Crusades returned with silks and cottons from the Middle East. The materials used by the nobility came in a variety of different colors. The dyes used to color these garments were expensive.

The red dye came from a Mediterranean insect that provided a bright scarlet color. The Dyerswoad plant provided blue-based dyes for the rest of the colors. Women wore long robes or robes in this medieval period. The close-fitting cut, the long skirts and the long, flared sleeves were characteristics of upper-class fashion for both men and women.

For the staff employed by a baron or owner of a local castle, there were differences in the cost, fabric and colors of the clothes that their lord provided them, so there were notable distinctions between groups such as small-time servants, squires, employees, men in arms and sergeants. Practical medieval clothing The clothing of the early Middle Ages was distinguished by many different layers of clothing. I imagine that, like many of the other regulated municipal crafts, this did not apply to rural women who produced their own clothes at home. The innermost layer of clothing were panties, which were loose-fitting underwear made of linen and held by a belt.

Clothes were generally the same for all classes, but with the important difference that the decoration was additional, more and thinner materials were used and an improved cut for the wealthiest people. I can't seem to find what fabric made of silver that would have been imported from the east would have been. A dye as expensive as kermes wouldn't have been wasted on a fabric that wasn't of the right quality, and the fact that it was bought for royal clothing also indicates that the quality of the fabric was much higher than that of the rough fabric it was supposed to be before. The king could now make his empire unique, stand out from others by using different color combinations and, at the same time, have citizens wear clothes that differentiated them from each other.

Statues, paintings, illuminated manuscripts, tomb effigies and even the extraordinary Bayeux tapestry depict contemporaries dressed in medieval costumes. The Cynara scolymus artichoke was cultivated abundantly during the medieval period and appeared in many medieval fabric designs from the 13th to the 15th centuries. Frances and Joseph Gies, in their book Cathedral, Forging and Ferris Wheel, Technology and Invention in the Middle Ages, talk about cotton fabric and continue to say that, during the 14th century, the use of cotton spread throughout the continent and Europe to be used as caps, veils, shins, scarves, wallets and clothing linings. They wore shoes designed for castle clothing made of silk, velvet, fabric or leather and were fastened with a buckle.

Outerwear wasn't that different between the sexes either, except that men's clothing was shorter and the sleeves were more spacious. Bed linen was used for bedding, diapers, underwear, light summer clothes and to cover the veil. During this period, the medieval clothing styles that people wore continued to change. The main reason for this was that the king demanded it and it was easier to do so, since during the medieval period new materials, such as fabric, were introduced.


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