How were medieval clothes made?

The wool was selected and sorted, and was carded or combed before being spun into yarn. The yarn was then woven into cloth on a loom. Wool or fabric was often dyed with expensive imported dyes. The cloth was filled to clean and thicken the fabric, hitting it with the feet or with hammers operated by a water mill.

Self-printed fabrics, brocades and damask designs The fabric was often woven into brocades and geometric designs. Square, diamond printed cloths known as diapers were woven from silk, linen and, in some areas, cotton. The fabric pattern was woven in a single color. In the case of linen, there is a great deal of evidence that it has been woven in various designs for use in tablecloths, towels, napkins and pillowcases.

These self-printed fabrics were in a single color and several existing examples have been found in London, as early as the tenth century in York. The oldest record of self-printed linen is the shroud of Saint Bathilda, who died in 680 AD, in northern France, but other fragments of Anglo-Saxon burials also include designs such as pills and herringbone. If you were rich, you would probably have a variety of clothes in the latest styles and colors. If you were a poor peasant, you could only have one robe.

Although it was possible to obtain silks and other luxurious materials from abroad, they were very expensive. Therefore, most of the clothes were made of wool. This meant that clothes in medieval times itchy, were difficult to wash and dry, and were very hot in summer. Clothes were often made of wool, although silk and brocade items could be saved for special occasions.

Outer clothing made of goat or even camel hair kept the rich warm in winter. Fur was an obvious way of improving insulation and providing decorative ornaments; the most common were rabbit, lambskin, beaver, fox, otter, squirrel, ermine and sabre (the latter three became a standard background design in medieval heraldry, such was their common use). Greater decoration was achieved by adding tassels, fringes, feathers, and embroidered designs, while more expensive additions included precious metal stitching and buttons, glass beads and cabochons, or semiprecious stones. The taste for colors was the brighter, the better, with crimson, blue, yellow, green and purple being the most popular options in all types of clothing.

The shoes, made of fabric or leather, were closed with inner laces, a strap or a buckle, which constituted another opportunity for decoration and personalization. Threads In general, for most of the medieval period, the most common thread used to sew garments was, by far, linen. Frances and Joseph Gies, in their book Cathedral, Forging and Ferris Wheel, Technology and Invention in the Middle Ages, talk about cotton fabric and continue to say that, during the 14th century, the use of cotton spread throughout the continent and Europe to be used as caps, veils, shins, scarves, wallets and clothing linings. MEDIEVAL Fabrics SEWING CLOTH & WIDE, THREADS, FABRIC FOR MARKING PATTERNS, FABRICS, BROCADE, & DAMASK DESIGNS, KNITTED CLOTHING, WOOL, SILK, VELVET, HEMP, COTTON, TIRETAINES, FUSTIAN.

At that time, governments, in fact, rationed clothing so that, for example, priests would only be allowed one new robe per year and bishops were allowed three. For the staff employed by a baron or owner of a local castle, there were differences in the cost, fabric and colors of the clothes that their lord provided them, so there were notable distinctions between groups such as small-time servants, squires, employees, men in arms and sergeants. When members of the lower strata of society blurred the lines of social distinction by wearing clothes that are normally only found among the upper classes, people found it disturbing and some considered it downright offensive. Both simple and composite velvet fabrics can be enriched with sets of yarns on the surface of the fabric, resulting in brocade.

It should be mentioned, however, that Italians did not produce luxury cotton fabrics, prints, fabrics for tapestries or brocades for clothes. The most expensive garments were generally not distinguished by their design, but by the use of superior materials and the cut. Wool was the basic element of medieval clothing for all social classes; its quality varied greatly between the stained fabrics of the poor and the very fine yarns produced in England that were exported to Europe. Illuminations, xylographs and other period works of art illustrate medieval people in bed in different outfits; some are naked, but others wear simple robes or shirts, others with sleeves.

The fabric produced was of medium weight and was used for underwear, bedding and summer clothes. Outerwear wasn't that different between the sexes either, except that men's clothing was shorter and the sleeves were more spacious. Access to clothing was also restricted in times of economic conflict during wars such as the Hundred Years' War with France (1337-1453 AD), presumably to stop the waste of expenses. .

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